Bonus Projects

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Soils2Sea will study the retention of N and P between the soils/sewage outlets and the coast, including transport pathways such as overland flow and flows in macropores, subsurface tile drains, shallow and deep groundwater, rivers, wetlands and lakes. In tandem with stakeholder engagement, Soils2Seas aims to achieve the following:

  • New methodologies for planning differentiated regulations based on new knowledge of nutrient transport and retention processes between soils/sewage outlets and the coast
  • Evaluation of how differentiated regulation can offer more cost efficient solutions towards reducing the nutrient loads to the Baltic Sea.
  • Analysis of how changes in land use and climate may affect the nutrient load to the Baltic Sea as well as the optimal location of measures aiming at reducing the load.
  • A high-resolution model for the entire Baltic Sea Basin with improved process descriptions of nutrient retention in groundwater and surface water tailored to make detailed simulations of management regulations differentiated in space.
  • New knowledge based governance and monitoring concepts that acknowledge the relevant aspects of EU directives and at the same time are tailored towards decentralised decision-making. The proposed spatially differentiated regulations will aim for incorporation of local scale knowledge to optimally design solutions.

 The Soils2Sea consortium consists of:

  • Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland, Copenhagen, Denmark (GEUS)
  • Aarhus University, Denmark
  • Universtity of Science and Technology, Krakow, Poland
  • Royal Institute of Techniology, Stockholm, Sweden
  • Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute (SMHI), Norrköping, Sweden
  • Ecological Institute, Berlin, Germany
  • Atlantic Branch of P.P. Shirshov Institute of Oceanology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Kaliningrad, Russia

Soils2Sea is coordinated by Professor Jens Christian Refsgaard, GEUS


Soils2Sea receives funding from BONUS, the joint Baltic Sea research and development programme (Art 185), funded jointly from the European Union's Seventh Programme for research, technological development and demonstration and from the Danish Council for Strategic Research, The Swedish Environmental Protection Agency (Naturrådsverket), The Polish National Centre for Research and Development, The German Ministry for Education and Research (Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung), and The Russian Foundation for Basic Research (RFBR).

For more information visit SOILS2SEA's website.