Bonus Projects




Maritime transportation is of vital importance to the countries surrounding the Baltic Sea area. During winter, ship navigation is challenging due to the presence of sea ice. Navigational accidents occur rather frequently. While these usually lead to minor consequences, there is a risk of serious accidents harming the marine environment. Consequently, regional and sub-regional policies highlight the need for developing preventive measures to improve the safety of navigation in ice conditions. 

The STORMWINDS project aims to contribute science-based analyses and practice-oriented tool developments for enhancing maritime safety and accident response, during winter in the northern Baltic Sea.


Research themes

The first research theme addresses accident prevention through the development and application of systems-theoretical accident theories to the vessel control system. This is manifested in two development paths. The first concerns the development and application of a new framework for maritime risk management, linking systems-theoretic accident theories to maritime spatial planning tools and processes. The second development path builds on systems-theoretic accident theories to develop an indicators-based safety management model for Vessel Traffic Services (VTS). 

A second research theme addresses accident prevention through the development of e-navigation services, focusing on information and route planning services to support voyage planning in sea ice environments. One development concerns methods for classifying satellite images in terms of expected ship performance. Another development concerns a method for optimal routing in actual sea ice environment, accounting for both efficiency and safety. These methods can be implemented in onboard navigation equipment as an additional information layer and used in operational planning. 

A third research theme addresses pollution response in winter conditions. A risk management model is developed to support policy decisions related to the organization of the pollution response fleet. Questions such as the appropriate number, location and equipment of response vessels are addressed through a risk analysis which integrates navigational accident and traffic system analyses, future sea ice climate scenarios and accidental spill and recovery modeling. Another development path addresses improvements in situation awareness tools for use in accident response operations. Several web-based applications are developed for improved tracking of oil spills in sea ice environments and for integrating information services relevant for operational decision making in spill response operations. Thus, STORMWINDS aims to advance maritime risk analysis and management, taking an interdisciplinary approach to improve maritime safety.




Aalto University, Prof. Pentti Kujala

Finnish Meteorological Institute, Dr. Mikko Lensu

Finnish Geospatial Research Institute, Prof. Heidi Kuusniemi

Novia University of Applied Sciences, Dr. Wilhelm Fortelius

Finnish Environment Institute, Dr. Pasi Laihonen 


University of Tartu, Prof. Robert Aps

Tallinn University of Technology, Dr. Kristjan Tabr 


Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute, Prof. Markus Meier 


Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Numerical Mathematics, Prof. Vladimir Zalesny



Project manager Floris Goerlandt

Aalto University, Finland